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Home Fall Maintenance Checklist

  Furnace Inspection

  • Call an HVAC professional to inspect your furnace

  • Stock up on furnace filters and change them monthly

  Fireplace

  • Cap or screen the top of the chimney to keep rodents out

  • Call a chimney sweep to remove soot and creosote

  • Check the mortar between bricks and tuck point, if necessary

  Doors and Windows

  • Inspect the exterior for crevice cacks and exposed entry points around pipes, seal them if necessary

  • Use weather striping around doors to prevent cold air from entering the home and caulk windows

  Plumbing

  • Locate your water main in the event that you need to shut it off in an emergency

  • Drain all garden hoses

  • Drain air conditioner pipes and if your AC has a shut-off valve, turn it off

  Foundation

  • Rake away all debris and edible vegetation from the foundation

  • Seal up entry points to keep small animals from crawling under the house

  • Secure crawlspace entrances

  Roof & Gutters

  • Add extra insulation to the attic to prevent warm air from creeping through your roof and causing ice dams

  • Replace worn roof shingles or tiles

  • Clean gutters/eaves troughs from debris

  • Ensure downspouts are in good condition and drain water away from the house

  Emergency Kit

  • Buy indoor candles and matches/lighter for use during a power outage

  • Find the phone numbers for your utility companies and keep them near the phone

  • Store extra bottled water and non-perishable food supplies, blankets and first-aid kits in a dry easy-to-access location

  Safety

  • Change batteries in smoke alarms

  • Inspect carbon-monoxide detectors

  • Rehearse emergency procedures with other family members

  Things to watch-out for:

  • Structural sagging, wavy roof frame and sheathing

  • Damaged, worn or missing shingles, moss growth

  • Corroded flashing

  • Raised shingles along the bottom of the roof

  • Icicles hanging from the gutters in winter (indicating poor drainage)

  • Stained, discoloured or delaminating sheathing, damp or discoloured insulation

  • Rusted nails and rust stains on sheathing

  • Water spots or black marks on the ceiling or at the junction between the ceiling and the wall

  • Water marks around ceiling fans

Rain or wind - some roof problems occur when wind forces rain under the edges of the roof or shingles

Ice dam is an accumulation of ice at the lower edge of a sloped roof. They form when there is a layer of snow on the  roof which, melts due to heat loss from the house into the attic

Moss wood and built-up roofs are vulnerable to deterioration by moss because of its ability to retain moisture

Water vapor ex-filtration of warm, moist air to drier, colder air results in condensation, mold and mildew, and wood decay.